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Rabbit Hunting UK

Rabbit shooting has long been a popular sport in the UK. Hunting rabbits is seen by some as a recreational sport and by others as a practical necessity to keep numbers under control.

For centuries, the rabbit, initially a prized food source and luxury item, has, over time, also become seen as a pest. When we undertake rabbit shooting its always better to understand the history of the sport, how we develop skills for a successful shoot and recognise its conservation significance to farmers.


The History of Rabbit Shooting in the UK

Rabbits are not native to the UK. They were introduced by the Normans in the 12th century as a food source and were kept in warrens for easy access. These warrens represented a valuable resource, so much so that unauthorized hunting of rabbits could result in severe penalties.

It was only during the 18th century that rabbits, having escaped or been intentionally released from warrens, began to breed prolifically in the wild. Consequently, the once-prized luxury turned into an agricultural annoyance, leading to the rise of rabbit shooting as a means of population control.

For the landed gentry of the Victorian era, rabbit shooting became a social event, with participants gathering in large numbers, accompanied by beaters and ferrets, to flush the rabbits from their burrows. These hunts were as much about the camaraderie and showcasing of one's shooting prowess as they were about controlling rabbit numbers.

So hunting rabbits may not be the large social event it used to be, but keeping the numbers under control is still of great importance to our agriculture sector.


Conservation: Why It Matters to Farmers

Rabbit shooting isn't merely about sport or pest control; it has significant conservation implications. Rabbits are known to cause extensive damage to farmlands. Their burrowing can harm the roots of crops, leading to decreased yields. Moreover, they also compete with native wildlife for food sources.

For farmers, the unchecked proliferation of rabbits can mean significant economic losses. Our agriculture sector in the UK is not having the best of times, and farmers need all the help they can get.

By participating in controlled rabbit shooting, we help farmers ensure the health of their crops and, by extension, the sustainability of their livelihoods.

Moreover, controlled shooting can have ecological benefits. It prevents overgrazing, which can lead to soil erosion and degradation of natural habitats. By maintaining a balance in rabbit populations, farmers inadvertently support biodiversity on their lands, ensuring that a variety of flora and fauna can coexist.


How to Hunt Rabbits in the UK

It is essential to approach rabbit hunting with responsibility, adhering to the laws and best practices. If you're considering rabbit hunting in the UK, we will walk you through some of the the steps and considerations involved.

Understand the Law

Before you embark on any hunting expedition, it's vital to be well-versed in the local laws and regulations. In the UK, you can legally hunt rabbits all year round, but some methods are prohibited or restricted. Using ferrets or dogs, for example, requires permission from the landowner.

Some landowners may request we do not shoot rabbits at all, depending on the location, so it is best to check with each landowner on rabbits if the opportunity presents whilst wildfowling or rough shooting.

Equipment Selection

Firearms: If you plan to shoot, the most popular choice is a .22 calibre rifle. It provides sufficient accuracy at the ranges you'd typically encounter rabbits while ensuring a humane kill. You can also use shotguns if rough shooting and an opportunity presents to bag a rabbit or wild hare.

Air Rifles: These are less powerful than firearms but can be very effective for rabbit hunting, especially within 30 metres.

Nets and Ferrets: This traditional method involves using ferrets to drive rabbits out of their burrows and into nets. It demands skill and understanding of both rabbit and ferret behaviour. Using trained ferrets is one of the most efficient ways of flushing rabbits out of their burrows and can lead to many successful bags.

Learn About Rabbit Behaviour

Rabbits are crepuscular, meaning they're most active during dawn and dusk. Understanding their habits will increase your chances of a successful hunt.

Rabbits usually feed near their burrows during the early morning and late evening. If alarmed, a rabbit will usually bolt to its nearest burrow. Knowing the location of these burrows and planning your visit around dawn or dusk can give you a strategic advantage.

Scout Locations

Permission from landowners is paramount. Once granted, spend time scouting and observing the area. Look for active burrows, droppings, and feeding signs. This reconnaissance will give you insights into the best spots to set up.

Safety First

Be aware of your surroundings. Know where other hunters, walkers, or livestock might be. Always be sure of your target and what's beyond it. This is particularly crucial if you're shooting on undulating terrain where a missed shot could travel further than anticipated.

Ethical Considerations

​We urge members only to take shots if you're confident of a quick and humane kill. While rabbits can be pests, it's essential to hunt sustainably. Overhunting can disrupt the balance of the local ecosystem and you will need to check with the land owner for any particular bag limits.

Post-Hunt Etiquette

If you're hunting for sport, always pick up spent cartridges. If you're hunting for food, make sure to handle and process the rabbit correctly. Rabbits can be a delicious and sustainable food source if treated with respect.


Why Rabbits are Challenging to Shoot

Rabbit hunting might seem straightforward, given the small size and seemingly timid nature of the animal. However, ask any seasoned hunter, and they'll attest that shooting rabbits poses its own set of challenges. Here's a closer look at the factors that make rabbits tricky targets:

Speed and Agility

 Rabbits are naturally fast and agile creatures. When they sense danger, they can bolt unexpectedly at high speeds, making them difficult targets to track, especially if you're shooting from a distance. For this reason, they make a very hard-moving target and, if not stationary, will certainly test your shooting skills.

Small Target Size

 Relative to other game animals, rabbits are quite small. This means a smaller margin for error in aiming, especially if aiming for a humane kill by targeting the head or vital organs.


 Rabbits' brown-grey coats blend seamlessly with their surroundings, especially in the woodlands, fields, and underbrush of the UK. Their natural camouflage makes them hard to spot, especially if they are stationary.

Crepuscular Habits

Rabbits are most active during dawn and dusk – times when light levels are low. This crepuscular behaviour can make them harder to spot and target, especially without the appropriate equipment. Open-field rabbits may stand out more, but if hunting in woodland, rabbits and hares can be very difficult to spot

Unpredictable Movements

If you've ever observed a rabbit in the wild, you'll notice it doesn’t just run in a straight line when alarmed. Instead, it dashes, changes direction abruptly, and often doubles back, all in a bid to confuse predators. This unpredictability can make them challenging to target, especially if shooting from a distance.

Terrain and Environment

Rabbits favour environments with plenty of cover, such as woodland edges, hedgerows, and thickets. The terrain can make it difficult to get a clear line of sight, and the frequent burrows mean they have ready escape routes.

Quiet Nature

Unlike larger game, rabbits don’t make much noise as they move through their environment. This quiet nature means they can sometimes go unnoticed, even when they're relatively close.

Constant Vigilance

Rabbits are always on the lookout for danger. Their large ears can pick up the faintest sounds, and their wide-angle vision allows them to spot movement from almost any direction. A slight noise, a shadow, or even the scent of a human can send them scurrying for cover.

Shooting Technique

Shooting small, fast-moving targets requires precision and a different set of skills compared to shooting larger game. Those new to rabbit hunting often find it takes time to hone these techniques. But hunting rabbits will also pay off when you come to shooting birds as you will have greater experience of tracking paths and shooting lead from a distance.


Rabbit Shooting Tips

Successful rabbit shooting requires a combination of skill, patience, and an understanding of the animal's behaviour:

Choose the Right Firearm: For rabbits, a .22 rimfire rifle is often considered the best choice. It provides accuracy at the typical ranges one would encounter a rabbit while ensuring a humane kill.

Stalk Quietly: Rabbits have sharp senses. Approach your shooting spot quietly, preferably against the wind to avoid the rabbit picking up your scent.

Use the Dawn and Dusk: Rabbits are crepuscular, which means they're most active during the early morning and late evening. This is the ideal time to spot and shoot them.

Elevate Your Position: Shooting from a slightly elevated position, like the top of a hill, allows for a safer and more efficient shot, ensuring that any missed shots go safely into the ground.

Practice Regularly: Like all shooting sports, consistency comes from practice. Regularly visiting the range and practising your shot will make you a more efficient rabbit shooter.


Join Shooting SH for Rabbit Hunting

While they might appear to be easy targets, rabbits, with their unique behaviours and adaptations, can be a true test for hunters. Successfully shooting rabbits requires not only technical skill with a firearm but also patience, an understanding of the animal's behaviour, and a deep appreciation of the environment in which they live.

When you join our syndicate, you will have access to farmland throughout the country, helping farmers with their conservation efforts and keeping rabbit numbers under control.

You will be free to bring your own dogs or ferrets and test your skills in a variety of locations and terrains.

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